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XI JINPING: PRESIDENT OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

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Xi Jinping was born on June 15, 1953 in Fuping County, Shaanxi Province, China. He is a Chinese politician and government official who served as Vice President of China from 2008 to 2013, General Secretary of the CPC (Chinese Communist Party) from 2012, and then President of China. from 2013.

Introduction:

On Sunday, Xi Jinping won an unprecedented third term as China’s president and elevated some of his closest allies in the Communist Party, cementing his position as the country’s most powerful leader since Mao Zedong.

According to Xinhua, the Communist Party of China Central Committee elected Xi to a second five-year term as general secretary, firmly returning the nation to one-man rule after decades of elite power-sharing.

Xi Jinping’s father was Xi Zhongxun, a former Chinese vice premier and Mao Zedong’s first close ally.

SOURCE: WIKIPEDIA

However, due to his father’s lack of favor during the Cultural Revolution, Xi Jinping was deported to the countryside in 1969 and spent the next six years working as a laborer in an agricultural commune. He cultivated close ties with the local peasantry during this period, which contributed to the credibility of the well-born Xi when he finally rose through the ranks of the CCP.

HOW XI JINPING GOT INTO THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY:

As party branch secretary, Xi officially joined the party in 1974. The following year, he enrolled at Tsinghua University in Beijing to study chemical engineering. After graduating in 1979, he spent three years working as Geng Biao’s secretary in China’s central government, where Geng Biao was then deputy prime minister and national defense minister.

Later, Xi was appointed acting governor of Fujian in 1999. He retained the posts of deputy secretary and governor until 2002, when he was promoted once again.

In the same year, he moved to Zhejiang Province, where he served as acting governor and party secretary from 2003. He focused on reorganizing the province’s industrial infrastructure to advance the sustainable growth.

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SOURCE: BBC

XI JINPING’S CONTRIBUTIONS:

1) One of Xi’s first moves was a nationwide anti-corruption campaign that quickly resulted in the sacking of thousands of senior and lower-ranking officials.

2) In Xinjiang, China has built “re-education” camps which have been accused of violating the human rights of Uyghurs and other ethnic minorities. He consolidated his control over Hong Kong and promised to “reunite” with Taiwan, if necessary by force.

3) The country has promoted its “One Belt, One Road” initiative for collaborative trade, infrastructure and development projects with countries in East Asia, Central Asia and Europe.

4) From its increased assertiveness in the South China Sea to its use of soft power pouring billions of dollars into businesses in Asia and Africa, the nation has increased its assertiveness on the international stage.

WHAT IS THE STATUS OF INDIA-CHINA RELATIONS AFTER XI JINPING’S ELECTION?

China and India are important neighbors to each other, as noted by Xi Jinping. Strong and stable ties between China and India serve the fundamental interests of both nations and their respective peoples while promoting peace, stability and growth in the region and the whole world.

I value China-India relations highly and stand ready to work with President Murmu to enhance political mutual trust, expand practical cooperation, handle disagreements diplomatically, and push forward China-India relations in the right direction. direction, as Xi Jinping said.

Xi Jinping stressed that the two nations should adhere to the fundamental principle of seeing each other as opportunities for development rather than adversaries. It is desirable for India to have an accurate and logical perspective on China’s progress.

The two nations must demonstrate to the rest of the world that peaceful coexistence and mutually beneficial cooperation between China and India is the only option that makes sense. Mutual respect must be maintained, as well as an effort to set aside differences and preserve peace and calm in border regions.

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SOURCE: TELEGRAPHINDIA

The potential for economic and social development cooperation between China and India is enormous. The two sides are expected to increase synergy between their growth goals, increase collaboration on infrastructure construction, connectivity and other areas, and improve communication.

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REFERENCE:

https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/zxxx_662805/201709/t20170907_440448.html

https://www.wsj.com/livecoverage/china-xi-jinping-communist-party-congress

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