World Drug Index shows how most countries fail drug policy test | India News
The index points out that the global predominance of drug policies based on repression and punishment has led to low scores overall, with a median score of only 48 out of 100 for the 30 countries, which is assessed as a “failure of the law.” drug policy ”and a sign of urgent action to deal with the situation.
“48 out of 100 is a drug policy failure on all books. This index highlights the huge room for improvement at all levels, ”said Ann Fordham, executive director of the International Drug Policy Consortium which led the development of the index with partners in the Harm Reduction Consortium.
Reflecting a long-standing global trend towards abolition of the death penalty, the report points out that only three of those 30 countries – India, Indonesia and Thailand maintain the death penalty for certain drug-related offenses. “The death penalty for drug-related offenses is contrary to international human rights standards, which prohibit the death penalty for all offenses except the ‘most serious’, that is, crimes of extreme seriousness involving intentional murder, ”the report says.
This clue comes at a time when the Indian government is revising the provisions of the Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances Act 1985. Recently, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, as part of its suggestions to the Revenue Department of the Ministry of Finance, recommended that users and dependents with small amounts of drugs and their families should be treated as “victims” and not as culprits and suggested mandatory treatment and rehabilitation in lieu of jail time and penalties for these users.
The report in its analysis of the policy and its implementation in 2020 highlights that there is a huge gap between government policies and their implementation to ensure access to controlled drugs (for pain relief). and suffering), especially in countries like India, Indonesia, Mexico and Senegal which score high on policy, but a score of zero out of 100 for the actual availability of these controlled drugs for those who need it.
The inaugural edition of the index published by the Harm Reduction Consortium shows that Norway, New Zealand, Portugal, the United Kingdom and Australia are the top five countries for humane and drug-oriented drug policies. health. Brazil, Uganda, Indonesia, Kenya and Mexico are the five lowest ranked countries. The index measures and compares national drug policies, providing each country with a score and ranking that shows how well their drug policies and implementation are in line with United Nations human rights principles. man, health and development.
The analysis shows that drug law enforcement primarily targets non-violent offenses, and in particular people who use drugs: only eight of the 30 countries surveyed have decriminalized drug use and possession, and among of these, only three have managed to really distract people from the criminal justice system. On the positive side, most countries’ policy and strategy documents explicitly support risk reduction. However, the implementation is a source of concern.