West indian countries

Unhappy country in South Asia

The first line of Leo Tolstoy’s novel Anna Karenina makes every unhappy family believe that they are unhappy in their own way, when all happy families must be alike. The power of literary flourishing has made the idea of ​​uniqueness so compelling that few dare to question its universality. The community of unhappy countries, however, is as clearly recognizable as that of happy countries.

According to the World Happiness Index, Afghanistan was the most unhappy country in the world even before the unceremonious departure of the occupying forces and the takeover of the Taliban. The sanctity of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of Afghanistan has again been restored.

A separate homeland for Muslims in undivided India was Pakistan’s raison d’etre. The barbarity and brutality on both sides have seriously damaged the promise of partition. Security forces inevitably come to dominate the government when blood feud and violence become the defining characteristic of a nation. Among the triumvirate (“Allah, the army and America”) which controls Pakistan since its foundation, Allah is the “Forgiving and Most Merciful”. America boasts around the world of being its “indispensable nation”. But with Rawalpindi’s headquarters being self-proclaimed guardians, Pakistan has remained committed to national security ideology.

After the independence of Bangladesh, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was the first civilian to serve as the Martial Law Administrator (1971-73) of truncated Pakistan.

Defeated and debased due to its excesses in the struggle for Bengali rights, the General Headquarters was in retreat. Bhutto could have brought the army under civilian control with some effort. Rage and revenge turned him instead into an instrument of the defense establishment.

Pakistan’s military is in the eye of the storm for the first time as supporters of ousted Prime Minister Imran Khan chant the slogan ‘Chowkidar chor hai’, implying that the electoral mandate of Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI ) has been stolen. Accusations against the military will certainly make no sense as long as Pakistanis remain obsessed with their collective insecurity. It seems that ordinary Pakistanis will be content to be ahead of India in something as trivial as the Happiness Index.

The economic crisis in Sri Lanka is competing with the regime change in Pakistan for the headlines of the international media which continues to be fully occupied by the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Meanwhile, the excesses of the military junta in Myanmar have been pushed into the background. The degeneration of what was once the world’s largest democracy into an ethnocracy requires the world’s attention.

The Sinhalese were identified as the “majority with a minority complex” in the 1980s. This was also more or less the case with the ethnic Bamar of Myanmar and the Khas-Arya supremacists of Nepal. Dormant on the Indian continent since the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi in 1948, the proto-fascist disease with political chauvinism, cultural chauvinism, ethno-national xenophobia and religious extremism as symptoms has begun to invade the second most populous country in the world.

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