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UN report: warns nine out of ten countries worldwide on the path to human development

On September 8, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) released its flagship human development report, which warned of the impact of many crises on progress.

The impact of such events is so immense that the UN agency reported that for the first time in three decades, the Human Development Index (HDI) has declined globally for two consecutive years. . According to the UN agency, human development has dropped significantly – back to 2016 levels.

As reported in the Human Development Report for 2021-2022, titled “Uncertain times, unstable lives: shaping our future in a changing world”societies as a whole are emerging from multiple crises and affecting people’s lives in unprecedented ways.

According to the report, more than 90% of countries in the world saw their HDI score decline in 2020 or 2021.

Over the two years, more than 40% of countries declined, indicating that the crisis disproportionately affected Latin America, the Caribbean, sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

Achim Steiner, the UNDP Administrator, said: “The world is scrambling to respond to consecutive crises. We have seen with the cost of living and the energy crises that while it is tempting to focus on quick fixes like subsidizing fossil fuels, immediate relief tactics delay the long-term systematic changes we need to make. .

“We are collectively paralyzed to make these changes. In a world defined by uncertainty, we need a renewed sense of global solidarity to address our common and interconnected challenges,” he added.

The main reasons for the fall

Furthermore, the document identifies the COVID-19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine as the main reasons for the fall, while other reasons listed include socio-economic changes, rapid climate change and massive polarization.

The report highlights the insecurity and polarization of viewpoints that impede the flow of collaborative efforts, which are essential to addressing today’s global challenges.

“Even before COVID-19 hit, we saw the double paradox of progress with insecurity and polarization. Today, with a third of the world’s people feeling stressed and less than a third of the world’s people trusting others, we face major barriers to adopting policies that work for people. people and the planet, said the UNDP administrator.

As recommended, implement investment-oriented policies, from renewable energy to pandemic preparedness. And insurance, which includes social protection, to prepare societies for all the winds and tides of a world full of “uncertainty”.

“To navigate uncertainty, we need to redouble our efforts on human development and look beyond improving people’s wealth or health,” said Pedro Conceição, lead author of the report, UNDP.

“These remain important. But we also need to protect the planet and provide people with the tools they need to feel safer, regain control of their lives, and have hope for the future,” he added.

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