UN lists Pakistan among 23 countries affected by drought
UNITED NATIONS: Pakistan is among 23 countries in the world facing bleak prospects of drought in the past two years, according to a UN report.
The report released by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification ahead of the United Nations Day on Desertification and Drought on June 17 indicates that over the past century, the highest total number of human beings affected by drought has occurred in Asia.
Apart from Pakistan, the other 22 countries listed in this UN report are Afghanistan, Angola, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Chile, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Lesotho, Mali, Mauritania, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, USA and Zambia.
By 2050, an additional 4 million square kilometers of natural areas, equivalent to the size of India and Pakistan, would require post-drought restoration measures, according to the report.
He further warned that up to 40% of the earth’s land is degraded, affecting half of humanity and threatening around 50% of the world’s GDP worth $44 trillion.
The current pledge by nations to restore 1 billion hectares by 2030 would require $1.6 trillion this decade, a fraction of the current $700 billion annually in fossil fuels and agricultural subsidies.
At no other time in modern history has humanity faced such an array of familiar and unfamiliar risks and dangers, interacting in a hyper-connected and rapidly changing world, the report adds.