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Symposium on “Modern Linguistics with Reference to Urdu Literature” – India Education | Latest Education News | World Education News


Aligarh: Linguists and Urdu scholars discussed Urdu literature and its morphological, syntactic and phonological structures at a one-day symposium on “Modern Linguistics with Reference to Urdu Literature” organized by the Department of linguistics from the Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) in collaboration with the Sahitya Academy, New Delhi.

In the keynote address, Professor Khwaja Ekramuddin (Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi) highlighted the importance of the emerging field of stylistics in linguistics for studying literature and described the use of morphology, syntax, phonetics and semantics in the analysis of literary works.

Speaking on linguistic features and styles, he said that literature is not complete without stylistics as it plays an important role in defining emotions, feelings, metaphors and embodiments.

“Stylistics is the art of seeing the artistic use of language and the embellishment of discourse in literature. There is no one way to express thoughts, ideas, experiences or imagination and each author has a distinct way to express,” Professor Khwaja pointed out.

He narrated excerpts from the works of various poets to explain the beauty of stylistics and linguistic analysis of language used in literature.

Quoting Noam Chomsky to explain the importance of language beyond its structure, guest of honor Prof. Anwar Pasha (Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi) said: “Language is not just words; it is the culture, the tradition and the unification of the community”.

“Language is born, changes over time and can also die if it is not used by people. If we see how language, culture, tradition, values ​​and stylistics change over time, we understand the importance of great literary works such as Nautarz-e-Murassa and Bag-o-Bahar,” he added.

Professor Anwar also spoke about the works of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.

The programme’s special guest, Prof. Safdar Imam Qadri (University of Patliputra, Patna) discussed the contributions of Prof. Masud Hussain Khan and Prof. Mirza Khalil Ahmed Beg with reference to Urdu linguistics and stylistics.

He described the history of literary criticism in Urdu and discussed the role of precursor writers.

Chairing the programme, Professor S Imtiaz Hasnain (Dean, Faculty of Letters) pointed out that any discussion of linguistics with reference to literature inevitably leads us to stylistics because it is a discipline which provides the interface of linguistics and of literature.

He discussed the findings of a French researcher in the article, ‘The Current State of Stylistics’ and Professor Mirza Khalil A Beg’s book, ‘Tanqeed aur Usloobiyati Tanqeed’.

“As a method of textual interpretation, stylistics attributes the intimacy of place to language and language,” he said.

In the welcome address, Prof. MJ Warsi (Chairman of the Linguistics Department and Seminar Coordinator) said: “The age of modernization has emphasized language, linguistics, literature and culture and Modern studies have opened doors for studying linguistics in relation to literature”.

“It is essential to analyze the linguistic and stylistic features of Urdu literature as stylistics plays a vital role in applied linguistics,” he added.

Professor Warsi quoted GN Leech on the study of stylistics in literature and said: “Stylistics is a linguistic approach to literature explaining the relationship between language and artistic function with motivating questions such as why and how more than what”.

He pointed out, “Amir Khusro was the first Urdu author to initiate bilingualism, code-mixing and code-switching and promoted the ‘Rekhta Goi’ tradition by adding phrases and clauses from Persian.

Professor Warsi added that the great Urdu linguist, Masud Hussain Khan, was the first scholar to study Urdu literature in the context of Jadeed Lisaniyat.

The symposium also included lectures and scientific presentations by Prof. Ibne Kawal (University of Delhi, New Delhi), Prof. Mohd Ali Jauhar (Chair, Department of Urdu, AMU), Prof. Khateeb Syed Mustafa (Former Chair, Department of Linguistics, AMU), Prof Abu Bakar Abbad (University of Delhi), Dr Abdul Hai (Mithila University, Darbhanga), Prof Aejaz Mohd Sheikh (University of Kashmir), Prof Syed Mohd Anwar Alam (Jawaharlal Nehru University), Masood Ali Beg (Linguistics Department, AMU), Prof Mohammed Qamrul Huda Faridi (Director, Urdu Academy, AMU), Mohd Musa Raza,

Professor Shabana Hameed (Department of Linguistics, AMU) extended the vote of thanks. Dr. Mehvish Mohsin and Dr. Shamim Fatma led the program.

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