West indian culture

political philosopher rooted in Bharatiya culture


Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya is one of the few politicians and thinkers rooted in Bharatiya culture. He was one of the leading figures of Bharatiya Jan Sangh, the precursor of the current Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Biography of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya

He was born on September 25, 1916 in the village of Chandrabhan located 26 kilometers from the district headquarters of Mathura. Her father Shri Bhagwati Prasad was a famous astrologer who was assistant station master in Jalesar and her mother Shrimati Rampyari was a pious and religious woman. He was raised by his maternal uncle after Pandit Deendayal lost his parents at a young age.

Deendayal lost his father when he was three years old and his mother when he was just seven years old. He was transferred to his maternal grandfather, Chuni Lal Shukla, who worked as a station master in Dhankia, Rajasthan. His maternal grandfather died when he was ten years old and later his younger brother Shivdayal also died due to a serious illness and as a result his maternal grandmother also died.

Despite these personal tragedies, Deendayal excelled in studies. He placed first in his tenth Ajmer board and distinguished himself in every subject for which he received the gold medal. Maharaja Kalyan Singh of Sikar gave him a scholarship. He continued his Pilani intermediary where he again received the gold medal and Ghanshyam Das Birla gave him a scholarship.

He then pursued his bachelor’s degree in English Literature at Sanatan Dharm College, Kanpur and enrolled for postgraduate studies at St. John’s College, Agra. Deendayal quit his master’s degree halfway after his cousin Ramo Devi’s death left him in despair. He sat for the civil service exam at the insistence of his uncle and was ridiculed for his attire (dhoti, kurta and cap) during the selection interview. He was not interested in administrative services and therefore enrolled in the BT course in Prayag.

Pandit Deendayal – a swayamsevak

He turned down both the administrative post and the offer of senior secondary school principal to serve society as an RSS pracharak. He joined the RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh) in 1937 influenced by his friend Balwant Mahashabde. He has dedicated his entire life to the purpose and mission of the organization and to organizing society on the ideas and principles of RSS.

“At first, I thought of taking a job in a school and simultaneously participating in the Sangh work there. But in Lucknow, I was able to study the current situation and get an idea of ​​the vast field of work to come, and I received the advice that instead of working in a particular city, I should work in a whole district. This is how the shortage of available laborers in the sleepy Hindu Samaj must be compensated,” Pandit Deendayal wrote.

By the time of the death of the founder of the RSS, Dr. Hedgewar in 1940, the Muslim League had intensified its demand for a separate Muslim state. Deendayal opposed partition demands and worked to combat Muslim fundamentalism and also to integrate Hindu society. From 1942, he devoted himself to full-time work in RSS, attended a forty-day summer holiday RSS camp in Nagpur, and as a result, became a lifelong pracharak after successfully completing training in two years in the RSS education wing.

In 1945, he established Dharma Prakashan in Lucknow to spread the ideology of Hindutva nationalism. Rashtra Dharma was the first monthly magazine launched by him. Publication of the weekly Panchajanya started in 1948 and the daily Swadesh (now replaced by Tarun Bharat) was also published in 1949 from Lucknow. He wrote the books Samrat Chandragupta and Jagat Guru Sankaracharya in 1946 and 1947 respectively.

Its principles have been drawn from the vast Bharatiya culture and the enormous sources of the ancient tradition of Bharatiya knowledge. His deep understanding of communism and capitalism led him to reject both philosophies based on his rational judgment. He proposed an alternative ideology of integral humanism based on the global philosophy of the Bharathiyas.

“Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Ji’s whole life was based on the principle of ‘Sarvajan Hitay – Sarvajan Sukhay’. His philosophy of ‘integral humanism’ is capable of providing solutions to many problems not only of Bharat but of the world,” Prime Minister Modi said while paying tribute to him on his death anniversary in February. of this year.

Some quotes from Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya

1) The nearest equivalent English term for Dharma may be “innate law”, although even that does not express the full meaning of Dharma. Since Dharma is supreme, our Ideal State has been Dharma Rajya.

2) We were proud to resist things – the British when they (the British) ruled us, but curiously, now that the British are gone, westernization has become synonymous with progress.

3) Western science and Western ways of life are two different things. While Western science is universal and must be absorbed by us if we are to move forward, the same is not true of Western ways of life and values.

4) Independence only has meaning if it becomes the instrument of expression of our culture.

5) The desires of Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha (the four types of human striving) are innate in man and the satisfaction of these in an integrated manner is the essence of Bhartiya culture.

(Featured Image Source: India Today)

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