West indian countries

Pakistan for poverty reduction in developing countries

Pakistan called on the international community to develop an emergency action plan and mobilize financial resources to increase food production, keep supply chains open, help poor farmers and establish a food bank for developing countries.

Addressing a press conference here at the United Nations on Wednesday evening, Minister for Planning, Development and Special Initiatives, Ahsan Iqbal, said that to overcome poverty and hunger, it was necessary to tackle the complex structure and systemic issues that hamper food production in developing countries.

As Chairman of the G-77 countries, the Minister added that Pakistan had offered to the UN to lead an international effort to provide support to developing countries to mitigate the effects of chain shocks. supply.

The Minister, who is currently visiting the United States to attend the High Level Political Forum (HLPF) session at the United Nations, said it was one component of the global effort to put implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

This global effort, he said, has suffered serious setbacks due to COVID-19, climate change and conflict in recent years.

He said Pakistan was playing an active role in shifting collective action and response to promote the collective economic interests of developing countries. “We sincerely believe that just as the SDGs are defined as a goal that no one should be left behind in any society, no country should be left behind in the global society.”

Ahsan Iqbal added that today the world is going through a major economic crisis and facing record inflation. “Supply chains are disrupted after the war between Ukraine and Russia, creating enormous economic and political challenges for developing countries and especially for those who are vulnerable.”

He also called for collective action in each country and globally to address this challenge and crisis to minimize the cost of economic default or political crisis as in the case of Sri Lanka.

“We don’t want a situation like Sri Lanka to break out in any other developing country. This requires the international community to work together in the spirit of multilateralism,” he added.

He also drew the world’s attention to the challenge of global food security, saying the problem has been steadily worsening in developing countries due to low productivity, water scarcity, degradation land, lack of agricultural infrastructure, inadequate application of new technologies and business practices in climate change.

The minister said Pakistan faces challenges in food security, water security and energy security due to issues ranging from climate change to global development.

“Largely due to climate change and insufficient investment in agriculture, the food security situation in Pakistan has become fragile. We will have to import wheat this year as the global wheat supply chain is already disrupted, he added.

Regarding the issue of Jammu and Kashmir illegally occupied by India, the Minister said that the greatest concern was the plight of people under foreign occupation in Jammu and Kashmir who were suffering from oppression brutality, extrajudicial executions, human rights violations, curfews, confinements, arbitrary detentions and illegal population displacements.

Ahsan Iqbal said a lasting peace between Pakistan and India will remain elusive unless the dispute over Jammu and Kashmir is resolved on the basis of the UN charter and relevant UNSC resolutions.

He said India’s unlawful and unilateral steps on August 5, 2019 to eradicate the identity of Jammu and Kashmir mounted a massive campaign of repression against its people and was an attempt to changing the demographics to make it a Hindu majority territory by eliminating the population of indigenous Muslims and settling down Hindus from all over India in the region.

The move created obstacles to a just resolution of the Kashmir dispute, he said, adding that if the tension created by India’s cruel policies in occupied Kashmir was not addressed, it could lead another conflict in the region with potentially catastrophic consequences.

On the issue of Afghanistan, the minister pointed out that for the first time in 40 years, there was an opportunity to stabilize Afghanistan as the entire country was under the control of a single government.

He said that Pakistan was a neighboring country and that if there was instability in Afghanistan, it would be the first country to pay the price. Like others, Pakistan was also disappointed that the Afghan government failed to address issues of concern, especially issues of girls’ education and recent restrictions on women, he added.

“We believe it is necessary to continue to engage with the Afghan government and persuade it to reconsider its decisions.” he said.

Ahsan Iqbal said Pakistan was deeply concerned about the continuing war in Ukraine. “Pakistan has always called for the consistent and universal application of the principles of the Charter of the United Nations, including the threat of the use of force, respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of States, the peaceful settlement of disputes and security of all States to ensure lasting peace and security Pakistan called for early negotiations to end the conflict in Ukraine.

Regarding Pakistan’s efforts to mitigate the effects of climate change, the minister said that although Pakistan is among the least carbon emulators, it is one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change and global warming. .

“We are making our contribution to emissions mitigation mainly through nature-based solutions such as reforestation and adapting cleaner energy,” he said, adding that recently the government had launched a major initiative with solar energy and renewable energy in the country.

He called for international investment in Pakistan’s major climate adaptation projects to end pollution in cities, rivers and lakes. “Pakistan’s ambitious environmental program deserves generous international support.

Speaking on the issue of Islamophobia, Ahsan Iqbal said that Pakistan welcomes the recognition of this challenge by the United Nations General Assembly by deciding to observe March 15 every year as the International Day of Struggle against Islamophobia. “We need an international action plan to combat Islamophobia and other forms of intolerance and hatred.

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