West indian culture

Nigerien working class and growing anti-social culture

In his new book, “In Pursuit of Civility”, British historian Keith Thomas tells the story of the most benign developments of the past 500 years: the spread of civilized mores. In the 16th and 17th centuries, many people behaved like barbarians. They enjoyed public hangings and torture. They stank to the sky. Samuel Pepys defecated in a fireplace. Josiah Pullen, deputy director of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, urinated, pointing to a lady around her university, “still holding the lady firmly by the hand.” It took centuries of relentless effort – sermons, etiquette manuals, and harsh lectures – to convert them into civilized human beings.

According to Adrian Wooldridge, while lamenting the collapse of morals in a recent article published in The Economists – The process of de-civilization – “while reading Thomas’s book recently on a train, I was seized by a terrible seizure of awareness: everything our ancestors worked so hard to accomplish is now in reverse. A process that lasted for centuries was undone in a few decades. “

There is no better place to observe the collapse of morals than on public transport. Drivers and conductors charge passengers with cheeky gutter language. Passengers engage in a word-match with bus drivers on N10. The bus driver scrolls through his dirty armpits and carries on the passengers as they stretch out to collect the bus tickets. In fact, your cologne will fail because of the stench that competes with.

In Abuja for example, passengers do not grind but voluntarily submit to being stuffed inside taxis and buses like canned sardines while roaming satellite residential neighborhoods like Nyanya and Mpapa surrounding the city center.

Taxis from the Berger junction going to Lugbe, Nyanya / Mararaba, Bwari, Mpape and others can be seen carrying two passengers in the front and four in the back. Sometimes others will choose to stay in the cargo trunk while negotiating a reduced rate with the driver.

There are also notorious cases of overloading luxury buses operating on the Nyanya-Mararaba-Masaka, Lugbe and Kubwa-Deidei lines, a state of affairs also confirmed by passengers who have experienced it in other parts of the city. .

Sometimes it is very difficult for the driver to hear the rear passengers when they signal a stop to disembark.

Ahmed Sadiq, 56, who also travels by public bus, said it was very difficult to be on a bus as crowded as the drivers allow with many people, especially very early in the morning, as where passengers have difficulty breathing or moving.

“Sometimes back, I lost my smartphone on the bus. I didn’t know how or when it had been taken out of my pocket because we were so crowded, ”he said.

At the start of the civilization process, the most fundamental step was to distinguish between the public and the private: persuading people to defecate in the toilets rather than in the chimneys and to eat at regular times in designated places, not when or where the mood took them. Yet today the city streets reek of urine and the bus and train stations smell of rotten food.

The Enlightenment philosophers believed that the great engines of modernity – urbanization, commerce and travel – would spread civilization. Trade was supposed to polish people’s manners as well as line their pockets. The closer association of people with each other would allow the masses to learn refinement. Today, these same engines are turning against the process of civilization.

The dorms in most Nigerian public universities are not far from the pigsties – undergraduate university students defecate on the floor where there are toilets, a brush and a flush on the balconies where there are sinks and can drain stinky laundry water from a fourth floor while wreaking havoc on lower floors. This is Nigeria.

A recent report by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) found that 46 million people in Nigeria still practice open defecation.

The report states that 15 million Nigerians still drink water from rivers, lakes, ponds, streams and irrigation canals, while 57 million Nigerians lack access to safe water and 45,000 children under five die each year from diseases caused by poor access to water. , sanitation and hygiene.

And of the 46 million Nigerians who practice open defecation, 33 million live in rural areas and 130 million Nigerians use unimproved sanitation facilities in which more than half of those affected are rural dwellers. .

And when public toilets are available, which are commonly found in government establishments and institutions such as airports, city roadsides, markets, stadiums, worship centers, gardens and car parks, these are “crime scenes – a no-go zone”.

It’s not news that most of these toilets are generally messy and blackened, with toilet floors and seats covered in feces, urine, water, and used toilet paper, among other things. In fact, they give off an unbearable smell.

The surprising thing is that most of these toilets even come with running water, users will be hesitant to pull the tub out and let the water out – even pre-colonial barbarians won’t look at these sites or act that way. .

Indeed, the people who were supposed to act as custodians of high culture have collectively turned against it.

Psychotherapists denigrate self-control as a sign of unhealthy blockages. Academics are now eager to denounce bourgeois civilization as a tool of exploitation. Cambridge economist Victoria Bateman showed up naked at a faculty meeting to protest Britain’s vote to leave the EU. No wonder today’s youth, the most educated generation in history, are more likely to model their style on the urban underclass than on the educated elite of yesterday – hence the spread of tattoos, body piercings and beards.

So, what is the meaning of all these new fashions in the city? We show our breasts in loosely sewn clothes and show off our buttocks in visibly ripped jeans. Women show off a little skin in a whole new way. Dresses that reveal chest flashes are the latest trend.

Yes, the breasts have now emerged from their centuries-old hiding places. Everywhere you turn, women are strutting around town showing off too much cleavage. Blouses have become shorter; smaller bras; and the breasts seem ready to come out, literally. Moralists revolt, calling him indecent, but women have none of that.

“Let them close their eyes!” It’s the fashion ! notes Lynn Ndagire, a sales manager, as reported by New Vision magazine. She wears a sleeveless top with a V-neckline down the front, highlighting the top of her breasts. And that point where they go beyond becomes the main event. “If I have them, I display them,” says Ndagire.

Solome Kimbugwe, a feminist, argues that showing the breasts is an indicator of progress in the fight for women’s human rights. She argues that while 10 to 20 years ago people talked about educating girls, women accessing microfinance or running for political office, today we are digging deeper into rights issues. of the person, bodily integrity, sexuality and bodily politics.

“It shows a positive progression in terms of what’s more important now in human rights discourse – you can’t empower women at the public level when they aren’t in control of their bodies. “

Much like showing off breasts, the current obsession with ripped jeans looks utterly ridiculous, but is spreading. You can barely walk any street without being mobbed by bare knees, calves, and thighs, all sticking out through ragged samples of denim.

The ‘ripped’ trend emerged during the punk culture movement of the 1970s. Rips meant rebellion: Early punks tore up consumer goods to express their anger at society, and jeans became a key part of that statement. Politics.

Ogechukwu Ejimkonye in Port Harcourt says wearing ripped jeans dubbed crazy jeans is the new normal. Here’s the problem: Adults tend to want to look groomed because groomed is professional, but teens tend to rebel against adults because they are designed for empowerment, selfishness, and self-righteousness. risk.

“Put the two together. Today’s trend is the opposite of what sane adults would wear to work. This explains not only the teens with their pants down to their knees, holes in the jeans and ripped clothes, but also tattoos, piercings and all kinds of other weird behavior among young people, ”he said. .

It is also in this 21st century of information and communication technologies that humans have reinvented the industrial age through ‘baby factories’, houses designed to get girls pregnant and then allow them to become pregnant. to deliver babies for sale.

The Baby Factory is run with brutal efficiency. As soon as an order is placed, a woman is chosen to produce a baby. Only beautiful girls are selected to join the production chain.

Or how to explain drug addiction, prostitution and the wars of the sects? Well, a study from Panteion University in Athens found that the economic crisis that lasted eight years in Greece resulted in an increase in the number of women engaging in prostitution.

Here is a case of men and women in 2021 freely submitting to the dehumanizing sex trade for cash.

As if that weren’t enough, the Supreme Court in India has ruled that adultery is no longer a crime. A bench of five Supreme Court judges unanimously ruled that the criminal offense of having sex with a woman without her husband’s consent is archaic and deprives women of their agency.

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