India urges rich nations to meet $100bn climate pledge as smog closes New Delhi schools
India has called on rich countries to fulfill a decade-old pledge to provide $100 billion in annual climate finance to developing countries.
In 2009, a coalition of economically developed countries – including the United States, France, Germany and the United Kingdom – pledged to give countries affected by climate change 100 billion dollars (101 billion euros) per year by 2020.
This promise was not kept, india government said on Friday – and needs to be increased.
“The goal of $100 billion a year for climate finance by 2020 and every year thereafter until 2025 is not yet achieved,” the government said in a statement ahead of COP27 in Egypt, which begins on November 6.
“While the promised amount must be achieved as quickly as possible, there is now a need to significantly increase the ambition to ensure an adequate flow of resources under the new quantified objective after 2024.”
The commitment has still not been kept, generating mistrust and reluctance among some developing countries to accelerate their emission reductions.
What is the Indian government urging rich countries to do?
India is the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gas after China and the United States – although it is much lower in the ranking of emissions per capita, according to Our World in Data. The calculations also change if you consider historical emissions.
It has increased its share of renewable energy, but coal remains India‘s main fuel for power generation as the country strives to provide power to its 1.4 billion people using cheaper fuel.
In order to switch to cleaner energy, he needs help from abroad.
Of them Indian government Sources told Reuters earlier this week that India has already taken steps such as meeting half of its energy demand from non-fossil fuels and building 500 gigawatts of non-fossil power capacity. fossil by 2030.
“Developed countries must also realize that overall costs have increased, so the commitment to provide $100 billion a year cannot be static. It must increase,” a government source said.
Why did schools in New Delhi close?
Pledge comes as worsening air pollution forces schools to close New Delhi. City authorities ordered primary schools to close from Saturday and told schools to halt outdoor activities for older children as the air in the world’s most polluted capital had become a serious health risk.
Delhi’s Environment Minister Gopal Rai said that in future 50% of Delhi’s government employees would be asked to work from home, and he urged private companies to take similar action.
According to data compiled by the Swiss group IQAir, New Delhi has been the most polluted capital in the world for four years.
Dirty smog forms on the Indian capital each winter, as cold, heavy air traps construction dust, vehicle emissions and smoke from burning crop stubble in neighboring states, causing an increase in respiratory illnesses among the city’s 20 million inhabitants.
Air pollution can have serious consequences for Human health, contributing to respiratory diseases and cancers.
India’s federal pollution control board has banned diesel trucks carrying non-essential goods from entering the capital, while from delhi the administration suspended most construction and demolition work in the area earlier this week.