West indian countries

Explained: Which countries have made Covid-19 vaccines mandatory?

India’s one-year COVID-19 vaccination campaign ended on January 16. On January 13, the government told the Supreme Court that it had issued no guidelines urging vaccination without consent or making a vaccination certificate mandatory for any purpose. The Union Department of Health and Family said ‘no one can be forced to take a vaccination against their will’. In other words, India does not endorse a vaccine mandate, which some countries favor.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has said it warns against vaccination mandates unless all other options have been exhausted.

A commentary published in Nature Medicine last week notes: “Warrants are often thought to be effective due to the threat of sanctions, but evidence suggests that their effectiveness also lies elsewhere. With vaccination mandates, the responsibility for monitoring vaccination status and reminding people of the need to get vaccinated falls on key people who can easily reach the public.

He adds: “For mandatory vaccines for adults, there are no key people present in every adult’s daily life. Application could be made by employers, or alternatively by restaurants, bars and shops, as with the health pass.

Here’s a look at some countries and their outlook on vaccination mandates:

Austria: From February, vaccinations will be compulsory for people aged 18 and over. Only pregnant women and those who cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons will be exempt.

France: The French parliament on Sunday approved a law banning unvaccinated people from entering bars, restaurants and other places. From now on, unvaccinated people can access these places provided they present a recent negative test report.

If this bill becomes law, unvaccinated people will have no choice but to get a vaccination pass or proof that they are vaccinated against COVID-19. This measure is contested by members of the French public in places like Paris, Marseille and Bordeaux.

Earlier this month, President Emmanuel Macron said he wanted to “piss off” unvaccinated people.

Germany: A decision has yet to be made, but German Chancellor Olaf Scholz recently argued for a vaccination mandate for all adults during a speech in parliament, according to DW.

Italy: In January, Italy announced that it was making vaccinations compulsory for people over 50. According to a Reuters report, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi’s government has already made vaccination compulsory for teachers and health workers. Since October 2021, all employees must be vaccinated or present a negative test before entering the workplace.

Morocco: A vaccination certificate is required to enter government buildings and visit places such as bars, restaurants and hotels.

UK: So far, the UK has only mandated vaccines for health and social care workers. From April 1, it will be mandatory for them to be vaccinated against COVID-19.

WE: There are no vaccine mandates in the United States, a country with one of the strongest resistances to vaccines, also called “anti-vaxxers”. According to an article published by the John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, US states have the legal and constitutional authority to require people who live in that state to be vaccinated or to introduce a vaccination mandate.

According to the US Census Bureau’s experimental Household Pulse Survey (HPS), those who were not vaccinated against COVID in early December 2021 reported a few reasons for not getting vaccinated.

About half of respondents said they were concerned about possible side effects from the vaccine, about 42% said they did not trust the vaccine, less than 10% said they had not received it because their doctor did not hadn’t recommended and about 2% said they didn’t get it because of difficulties getting it.

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