West indian countries

COP27: India wants countries to agree to phase out all fossil fuels


India wants countries to agree to phase out all fossil fuels at the COP27 climate summit in Egypt, rather than a closer deal to phase out coal as agreed last year, according to a Reuters report .

Countries agreed at COP26 in Glasgow, Scotland last November on a final declaration which, for the first time, committed parties to the UN climate summit to accelerate efforts to a gradual reduction in coal energy – aiming for the most polluting fossil fuel.

India wants to extend this commitment to include all fossil fuels.

Asked to confirm that this was its position, a spokesperson for the Indian delegation to COP27 said: “We did not mention coal at all.”

This push would put consumers and producers of oil and gas in the spotlight, as well as countries dependent on coal. India generates around three-quarters of its electricity by burning coal, according to India’s coal ministry.

The proposal is expected to be approved by consensus within the next week if it is to enter a final COP27 agreement.

The spokesperson said India had referred to a report by the United Nations Climate Science Panel that countries must halve their emissions by 2030 to meet climate targets and that this would require a substantial reduction in the use of fossil fuels.

“We mentioned the IPCC AR6 report released from Glasgow which recognizes the need for a phase-down of all fossil fuels. This was stated only in the context of a clean energy transition,” the spokesperson said.

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